Weight : 10.4 tons
Dimensions : 5.26m (L) x 2.82m(W) x 2.62m(H)
Powerplant : Detroit Diesel Model 6V-53T; 500hp
Max Speed : 65km/h
Range : 490km
Armament : 1 x 25mm Bushmaster cannon, 1 x 7.62mm FN MAG MG
Crew : 3 + 10
The AIFV was first built in 1992 by the Turkish FNSS for the Turkish Army. Based on the venerable M113 chassis, the AIFV was build to higher standards including proofing against bullets up to 14.5mm. The basic design sports a one-man turret armed with 25mm cannon. The design is moularised however, and it can be fitted with a number of turret choices plus other specific requirements of the customer. The vehicles are also equipped with firing ports to allow infantrymen to fire their personal weapons from within the vehicle.
In 2000 the Malaysian Government signed a contract with FNSS to supply the Malaysian Army with 211 ACV300s to equip the Malaysian Army as part of its modernization programme. Sixty-five of the vehicles are assembled locally by Deftech at Pekan, Pahang. The ACV300s are nicknamed Adnan, after the late Lt Adnan bin Saidi, the Malay Regiment hero during the Japanese invasion. The Adnans feature RVH TacNav navigation system incorporating GPS, LWD Avimo laser warning device, Wegmann 76mm grenade launchers, NBC filtration system and SNVVS-2 night vision system.
The Malaysian Adnan variants are as the following:
Adnan IFV 25mm: armed with a 25mm Bushmaster cannon and a 7.62mm co-axial MG in Sharpshooter turret. The Bushmaster cannon are similar to the ones arming American Bradley IFV and can be used to destroy light armoured vehicles.
Adnan IFV HMG: armed with a FN-Browning M2HB 12.7mm MG and a 7.62mm co-axial MG in a FVT800 turret.
Adnan IFV AGL: armed with a Mk19 Mod.3 40mm automatic grenade launcher and a 12.7mm co-axial MG. The turret somehow look unarmed as there is no protruding muzzle.
Adnan AT: The anti-tank variant is turretless. In its place is a pedestal-mounted launcher system for the Pakistani-made Baktar Shikan ATGW. The missile, which is basically a copy of Chinese HJ-8 ATGW has a range of 3,000 meters and can penetrate 180mm of rolled homogenous armour at 68 degrees angle. Some eight spare rounds can be carried inside the vehicle. The gunner operates the weapon by standing on a retractable platform inside the vehicle. A FN MAG 7.62mm MG is fitted for local defence.
Adnan Mortar: Also turretless. The interior is modified in order to fit in an 81mm mortar. The mortar is placed on a turntable and can be fired through the roof hatch or it can be dismounted and used outside the vehicle. A FN MAG 7.62mm MG is fitted for local defence.
Adnan Command: Armed with cupola mounted M2 12.7mm MG. Externally, the vehicles have extra radio antennas. Internally, it is equipped with tactical table and communications and command equipment for battle commanders.
Adnan Signals: Similar weaponry with Adnan Command Vehicle. Also have extra communications equipment and are also fitted with an auxiliary generator for the commo gear.
Adnan Fitter / Armored Recovery Vehicle : The Fitter vehicle is generally regarded as a mobile repair vehicle. The crane can be used to lift the entire engine for replacement or repairs but generally the fitter vehicle can only do ‘regular’ repair and maintenance jobs. The ARV is equipped with a larger crane and are used to recover damaged or broken down vehicles. The ARV/Fitter variants are also armed with a FN MAG MG.
Adnan Ambulance : Unarmed variant used to transport casualties away from combat. Two stretchers can be carried inside the vehicle.
The Adnans equip the 4th Mechanised Brigade of the Malaysian Army. A few months back the Adnans were at the centre of a controversy involving the supply of spare parts. It was reported that some 30% of the vehicles were ‘lying idle’ or ‘tersadai’ in Malay because of lack of spare brake pads which in turn was caused by a managerial error. The newspaper reports imply that significant numbers of the IFVs are non-combat capable and ‘jeopardise’ the security of the country. It turned out later that the Adnans suffer from lack of spare track pads. While a managerial embarrassment for sure, it jeopradise the nation no more than reduced track life and cracked road surfaces. It might invoke nothing more dangerous than the fury of the Public Works Department! The situation has however been resolved.